What is produced during translation?

What is produced during translation?

What is produced during translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein -- or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

What happens during the process of translation in DNA?

Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. ... The ribosome moves along the mRNA, matching 3 base pairs at a time and adding the amino acids to the polypeptide chain.

What are the 3 steps of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Which is the correct description of the process of translation?

Translation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains).

How does translation take place in protein synthesis?

Stages of Translation in Protein Synthesis. Initiation: Ribosomal subunits bind to mRNA. Elongation: The ribosome moves along the mRNA molecule linking amino acids and forming a polypeptide chain. Termination: The ribosome reaches a stop codon, which terminates protein synthesis and releases the ribosome.

How is the information carried in mRNA used in translation?

Translation is the process where the information carried in mRNA molecules is used to create proteins. The specific sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA molecule provide the code for the production of a protein with a specific sequence of amino acids.

What happens to the genetic code during translation?

The genetic code During translation, a cell “reads” the information in a messenger RNA (mRNA) and uses it to build a protein. Actually, to be a little more techical, an mRNA doesn’t always encode—provide instructions for—a whole protein.

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