What happens to protein after translation?

What happens to protein after translation?

What happens to protein after translation?

After being translated from mRNA, all proteins start out on a ribosome as a linear sequence of amino acids. ... Protein folding: A protein starts as a linear sequence of amino acids, then folds into a 3-dimensional shape imbued with all the functional properties required inside the cell.

Does translation result in protein?

How Does the Whole Process Result in New Proteins? After the transcription of DNA to mRNA is complete, translation — or the reading of these mRNAs to make proteins — begins.

Is protein the end result of translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein -- or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. The resulting peptides are then joined into proteins, which are responsible for your body's structure and functions. ...

What happens to protein after protein synthesis?

After being synthesized, the protein will be carried in a vesicle from the RER to the cis face of the Golgi (the side facing the inside of the cell). As the protein moves through the Golgi, it can be modified.

What is the main outcome of translation process?

The entire process is called gene expression. In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.

What are the stages of protein synthesis?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.

When a protein needs to be made where is the signal sent?

Terms in this set (22) - Within a cell, DNA is housed in the NUCLEUS. - When a protein needs to be made, a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the GENE that codes for the needed protein. This is the start of transcription.

How can I translate a DNA sequence to a protein?

Translate is a tool which allows the translation of a nucleotide (DNA/RNA) sequence to a protein sequence. Please enter a DNA or RNA sequence in the box below (numbers and blanks are ignored).

When does post translational modification occur in a protein?

Post-translational modification can occur at any step in the "life cycle" of a protein. For example, many proteins are modified shortly after translation is completed to mediate proper protein folding or stability or to direct the nascent protein to distinct cellular compartments (e.g., nucleus, membrane).

How is messenger RNA translated into a protein?

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is translated into protein by the joint action of transfer RNA (tRNA) and the ribosome, which is composed of numerous proteins and two major ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecules. [Adapted from (more...)

Which is responsible for the accurate synthesis of proteins?

Although DNA stores the information for protein synthesis and RNA carries out the instructions encoded in DNA, most biological activities are carried out by proteins. The accurate synthesis of proteins thus is critical to the proper functioning of cells and organisms.

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